1. Environmental Appraisal

Element of Environmental Stock LANDSCAPE AND COUNTRYSIDE

DESIRABLE TREND WILL THE PLAN...? POLICIES AND PROPOSALS ARE SUPPORTIVE IF THEY...POLICY No. IN THE UDP
  1. Maintain and enhance the quantity and contribution of open land
  1. Limit the amount of development on previously open land
  • Emphasise brownfield sites and existing settlements for new development

HOUS 1, 2 

  • Protect the openness of the countryside

ENV 1, 3
HOUS 3 

  • Control the cumulative effect of minor developments

ENV 9, 10 

  • Maintain strict guidelines for minor development

ENV 9, 10 

  1. Avoid harm through cumulative impacts
 
 
  1. Maintain the quality of valued landscapes including the coast
  • Designate land according to character and consider development according to strict criteria based on character and

ENV 4, 5, 6
REC 7, 8, 9 

  • Require development to be designed in acknowledge its context and management

ENV 11, HOUS 8

  • Require the retention and management of existing features, and the addition of appropriate landscape

ENV 11, 12, 27 

  • Reclaim damaged landscapes

ENV 12 

  1. Increase the opportunity for equitable and benign access
  • Link urban open space networks with the fringe and the countryside

ENV 24, REC 12 

  • Maintain rights of way and seek new access agreement

TRAN 9, REC 12 

Element of Environmental Stock AIR

DESIRABLE TREND WILL THE PLAN...? POLICIES AND PROPOSALS ARE SUPPORTIVE IF THEY...POLICY No. IN THE UDP
  1. Decrease emissions from Transport
  1. Reduce trip length
  • Increase settlement density
 
  • Increase proportion of people in large settlements

HOUS 1 

  • Disperse facilities within settlements

SHOP 1, 2, 3, 6, 9 

  • Use urban land productively
 
  1. Increase travel share by public transport
  • Increase density
 
  • Create linear development
 
  • Provide travel facilities

TRAN 3 

  • Assist bus priority
 
  • Limit road space for cars
 
  • Restrain car parking
 
  • Concentrate facilities at public transport nodes

 REC 2 

  • Co-ordinate trip density with public transport accessibility
 
  1. Increase walking and cycling
  • Some of above, plus -
 
  • Design for lower traffic speed

TRAN 9 

  • Provide facilities
 
  • Connect new developments into networks
 
  1. Decrease emissions from building heating

(see Energy) 

  
  1. Decrease other gaseous pollution

Decrease industrial pollution 

  • Control the location of polluting industry

ENV 29, EMP 5, SHOP 10 

  1. Improve air quality

Promote CO2 fixing 

  • Protect trees and manage woodland

ENV 11, 12, 24

  • Increase tree planting
 

Element of Environmental Stock ENERGY

DESIRABLE TREND WILL THE PLAN...? POLICIES AND PROPOSALS ARE SUPPORTIVE IF THEY...POLICY No. IN THE UDP
  1. Reduce the use of energy by transport

(see AIR and decrease of emissions) 

 

ENV 27 

  1. Reduce the use of energy by buildings
  1. Improve average energy efficiency of building stock
  • Promote energy efficient layouts and aspects
 
  • Accommodate energy saving modifications
 
  • Seek CHP schemes in major developments
 
  1. Reduce or reuse or recycle materials
  • Manage waste disposal capacity
 
  • Provide recycling facilities
 
  1. Provide for energy recovery from waste
  • Identify suitable facilities and seek energy recovery
 
  1. Assist renewable energy generation
  • Identify and protect sites with potential sites for wind and hydro schemes
 
  • Accommodate wind turbines
 
  • Promote biomass as a land use
 

Element of Environmental Stock BIODIVERSITY

DESIRABLE TREND WILL THE PLAN...? POLICIES AND PROPOSALS ARE SUPPORTIVE IF THEY...POLICY No. IN THE UDP
  1. Maintain and enhance biodiversity

Recognise, protect, manage and add to habitats 

  • Protect designated sites

ENV 13, 14, 15 

  • Protect land and features with nature conservation value

ENV 6, 11, 13, 14, 15, 24 

  • Identify, protect and promote wildlife corridors
 
  • Control pollution
 
  • Seek new habitats and ongoing management

ENV 12, 13, 14 

Element of Environmental Stock AMENITY OPEN SPACE

DESIRABLE TREND WILL THE PLAN...? POLICIES AND PROPOSALS ARE SUPPORTIVE IF THEY...POLICY No. IN THE UDP
  1. Increase the contribution of open space to local amenity

Maintain and enhance the quantity, quality and accessibility of open space in and around urban areas 

  • Protect open space from development

ENV 24
REC 1, 10 

  • Seek open space within new development

HOUS 8
REC 3, 5, 6 

  • Seek opportunities to link open spaces in a cycling / walking network

TRAN 9, REC 12 

  • Reclaim derelict land

ENV 25 

Element of Environmental Stock WATER

DESIRABLE TREND WILL THE PLAN...? POLICIES AND PROPOSALS ARE SUPPORTIVE IF THEY...POLICY No. IN THE UDP
  1. Maintain and enhance the quantity and quality of water

Protect andconserve the quality and quantity of water sources

  • Limited development to capacity of supply
 
  • Protect ground water sources

ENV 7 

  • Control pollution

ENV 29 

  • Maintain flood storage

ENV 7 

  • Promote conservation and recycling of water
 
  • Add new water bodies
 

Element of Environmental Stock SOIL

DESIRABLE TREND WILL THE PLAN...? POLICIES AND PROPOSALS ARE SUPPORTIVE IF THEY...POLICY No. IN THE UDP
  1. Maintain the productive capacity of the soil

Maintain thequantity and quality of agricultural land 

  • Protect the best and most versatile agricultural land

ENV 2, 9
WAST 4 

  • Take the integrity of agricultural holdings into account
 
  • Restore minerals/waste workings to at least equal agricultural quality

MIN 10 

Element of Environmental Stock MINERALS

DESIRABLE TREND WILL THE PLAN...? POLICIES AND PROPOSALS ARE SUPPORTIVE IF THEY...POLICY No. IN THE UDP
  1. Conservation of stock
  1. Reduce the consumption of minerals
  • Limit the amount of development
 
  • Manage the supply of primary aggregates

MIN 4, 5 

  • Promote the recycling of buildings materials

MIN 2 

  1. Protect sources of minerals
  • Safeguard known minerals sites

MIN 3

  • Inhibit use of high grade material for low grade purposes
 
  1. Preserve geological features
  • Prevent exploitation of geological features
 

Element of Environmental Stock HUMAN HERITAGE AND CULTURE

DESIRABLE TREND WILL THE PLAN...? POLICIES AND PROPOSALS ARE SUPPORTIVE IF THEY...POLICY No. IN THE UDP
  1. Maintain the stock ofvalued places,buildings, artefacts and features

Protect thoseproducts of human endeavour which are part of the national asset and which contribute to the familiar and distinctive character 

  • Protect valued buildings and townscapes from unsympathetic change

ENV 17, 20, 21, 22, 23 HOUS 8 

  • Establish design guidelines for alterations and additions in sensitive situations

ENV 27 

  • Provide for the investigation, recording and protection of archeological features

ENV 18, 19 

  • Identify and protect historic landscapes

ENV 17 

  • Acknowledge the importance of the ordinary and the familiar

ENV 27 

  • Seek opportunities to add to the stock, e.g. with '% for art'
 
  • Seek opportunities to increase awareness
 

Element of Environmental Stock QUALITY OF LIFE

DESIRABLE TREND WILL THE PLAN...? POLICIES AND PROPOSALS ARE SUPPORTIVE IF THEY...POLICY No. IN THE UDP
  1. Spread a better quality of life
  1. Increase access to jobs, facilities and amenities
 

EMP 1, 2
TRAN 1, 3

  1. Increase the availability of appropriate housing
 

HOUS 2, 12, 13 

  1. Decrease the intrusive effects of traffic
  
  1. Decrease the opportunities for crime
  

Source: The Environmental Appraisal of the Consultative Draft Vale of Glamorgan UDP, Baker Associates 1996

N.B. The policy numbers have been amended to reflect those contained in the Adopted Vale of Glamorgan Unitary Development Plan 2005.

HOUSING 

ENVIRONMENT
POLICY OBJECTIVELEVEL OF ENGAGEMENT
LEVEL OF ATTAINMENT

Local

  • Development to avoid impact on amenity

Level 3 

  • More design guidance needed for good development

Level 4 

Natural
 

  • No development in the countryside

Level 3 

  • Concern expressed but more guidance needed

Level 4 

Global
 

  • Provision made according to strategy

Level 4

  • Attention to low energy design needed

Level 4 

ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT AND TOURISM

ENVIRONMENT
POLICY OBJECTIVELEVEL OF ENGAGEMENT
LEVEL OF ATTAINMENT

Local 

  • Positive policies in place

Level 3 

Natural 

  • Protective policies in place

Level 3 

Global 

  • Provision made according to strategy with some major exceptions

Level 4

TRANSPORTATION

ENVIRONMENT
POLICY OBJECTIVELEVEL OF ENGAGEMENT
LEVEL OF ATTAINMENT

Local 

  • Road proposals with little mention of impacts

Level 1 

  • Protective policies for effects of traffic

Level 3 

Natural 

  • Road proposals with little mention of impacts

Level 1 

Global 

  • Road proposals with little mention of impacts

Level 1 

  • Public transport improvements encouraged

Level 2

  • Some provision for cycling

Level 3 

RETAIL

ENVIRONMENT
POLICY OBJECTIVELEVEL OF ENGAGEMENT
LEVEL OF ATTAINMENT

Local 

  • Policies to improve centres

Level 3 

  • Policies to improve amenity

Level 3 

4

Natural 

  • Policies to resist out of town stores

Level 3 

  • Provision made according to strategy

Level 4

Global 

  • Policies to resist out of town stores

Level 3 

  • Provision made according to strategy

Level 4 

MINERALS

ENVIRONMENT
POLICY OBJECTIVELEVEL OF ENGAGEMENT
LEVEL OF ATTAINMENT

Local 

  • Protective policies in place

Level 3 

  • Provision made but no information on impacts

Level 4 

Natural 

  • Protective policies in place

Level 3 

  • Provision made but no information on impacts

Level 4 

Global 

  • Provision made but no information on impacts

Level 4 

WASTE MANAGEMENT

ENVIRONMENT
POLICY OBJECTIVELEVEL OF ENGAGEMENT
LEVEL OF ATTAINMENT

Local 

  • Some protective policies in place

Level 3 

Natural

  • Some protective policies in place

Level 3 

Global 

  • Reference to waste management hierarchy but no effective action 

Level 2

Source: The Environmental Appraisal of the Consultative Draft Vale of Glamorgan UDP, Baker Associates 1996

N.B. This assessment has not been updated following changes to the Plan made by the Proposed Modifications (2003) and Further Proposed Modifications (2004).

EXPLANATORY NOTES:

Level of Engagement refer to the manner in which policies contained within the UDP relate to, and impact on the environment. The levels are defined as follows;

Level 1:
No comment: Failure of the Plan to recognise that the manner in which it addresses a particular topic may have an impact upon the environment.

Level 2:
Acknowledgement: Failure of the Plan to attempt to influence the environment by providing positive policies or guidance.

Level 3:
Proscription: It is common for plans to encompass a wide range of environmental issues by the use of a criteria in development control policies which state that a given issue will be taken into account, or that development which adversely affects a given environmental feature is resisted. The adoption of this 'rule book' approach can be attributed to the introduction of s54A of the Town & Country Planning Act 1990. It is necessary in order to provide a degree of certainty to  developers as to how  proposals will be considered, and to provide a 'back stop' to prevent development where there are sound planning reasons for doing so. But if this is as far as a plan goes opportunities will have been missed, and the management of the environment by the Plan will not be as good as it could be.

Level 4:
Prescription: The expectation of a Plan-led system is that the Plan will indicate how necessary development is to be provided for. If this approach is adopted many consequences may follow.Suitable provision already having been made is the best argument for resisting other development proposals which come forward. Making provision in a plan means that environmental consequences of the strategic relationship between different proposals can be considered, and so can their cumulative impacts. Development proposals in a plan can be tempered and guided by the wording of the proposal, through development briefs and design guidance, and by the expectation of conditions and obligations.

Level of Attainment:
The figure in the last box is a measure of how successful the approach taken is, on the scale of 1 to 5 with 5 being the best.

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